Microsoft Exchange and Remote Desktop Services Specialists


Microsoft Exchange Server and
Blackberry Enterprise Server news, views and fixes.

Good to Great Expert

What makes a good expert become a great expert?
Becoming one of the great experts on Experts Exchange (EE) is not easy, it takes a lot of hard work.
However many people become good experts, but fail to go that extra mile to become one of the greats.
How do you become a great expert?
Here are some points on how to become a great expert. Examples, where given, apply to Exchange server type questions because that is my specialization. They could apply to other topic areas equally as well.

  1. Read the Question.
    So many of the answers I see are not suitable because the responder has failed to read the question properly. Most common is responding with an Exchange 2003 technique for an Exchange 2000 problem. I have been guilty of this myself.
    Check the question text for what platform is being used, and if required, ask them to confirm. In some cases the underlying Windows version also plays a part.
    If the questioner states that a certain solution is not suitable, then don't offer it as a solution, unless it is the only solution. Be prepared to explain why (see below - justify your answer). 
  2. Only respond if you know the answer or are really sure that you are pointing the questioner in the right direction. Don't waste the questioners time.
    Many of the responses I see are totally wrong. Asking a questioner to check the services are running for an intermittent mail delivery issue is simply a waste of time.
    If you are taking a punt, because you are pretty sure, but not 100%, then say so. That way another expert might come along and correct you, support you or give an alternative.
  3. Know your strengths and your weaknesses.
    One of my weaknesses is Exchange 5.5 - I haven't worked with that version for some time. Therefore I avoid where possible any questions relating to Exchange 5.5 because I cannot answer them to the high standard that I have set myself.
    If you don't know, then skip the question, rather than getting the hopes up of the poster, only to have them dashed because your response isn't correct. 
  4. Follow up.
    Don't abandon the questioner. If you don't know the follow up question, say so.
    However due to the nature of Experts Exchange, don't expect another expert to chip in with a response. Some of the topic areas are very high traffic. Once the question has gone past the first page, most experts don't look at them again. You should suggest that the questioner asks the follow up question separately, or posts a pointer to the original question. 
  5. Give accurate answers.
    By this I don't just mean technically accurate, but the whole answer is polished.
    If you are posting URLs, then make sure that they work. I check all of my URLs, even those that come back to my own web site. I have made errors before, so now check.
    Check your answers. If you are sending someone to a certain window in a tool, then check the full path and quote the full path. Don't presume that the person who has asked the question knows their way around the application. 
  6. Justify your answer.
    Don't give one word answers as they don't really help. They answer the question, but they don't tell the questioner why. Give a brief explanation and where possible a URL, preferably back to the software developer's own web site which explains things in more detail.
    As well as providing a response to the specific question, I also see part of the role in answering the question is to educate others.
    With the way that Experts Exchange works, someone might look at the response in six months time when looking for another answer.
    Therefore where appropriate I will provide alternatives or additional things to look out for.
    The migration to a new server questions are classic examples of that. 
  7. Be consistent.
    If you develop a technique, then stick to it. If you keep changing techniques, then someone will post that you said such and such three months ago. Develop the technique, and if you change it, be prepared to explain why. A web site or blog can help with this (see below). 
  8. Have a web site or a blog.
    Take your best answers and turn them in to a blog or web site article. Many of the things on started off as an answer to a question on EE. Where I needed to research the response to a question or develop a technique, I would post the answer.
    Once I was sure it works, take the answer, clean it up, apply screenshot and font changes to make it more presentable and it then becomes a good quality web page that you can refer to in future answers.
  9. Presentation.
    The presentation of a question is very important. If presented correctly then it gets the information across in a clear way, and anyone else looking at the question will understand what you mean.
    Obviously, punctuate the answer correctly, with good spelling.

    EE doesn't have a built in spell checker, so I use a free Internet Explorer plug-in called iespell ( If I am using a machine that doesn't have this installed, then I will use either Word or Outlook to spell check the response, then copy and paste it back in again.

    Use common acronyms only - not any that you use internally within your company or group that may not be in widespread use. If you do need to use a non-standard acronym, then use the complete phrase first, then put the acronym in brackets later: Experts Exchange (EE).

    Avoid the use of txt speak - m8, l8r, etc. This looks unprofessional and can be difficult to read. This is a public professional forum and it should be treated as such.
    Other shorthand should also be avoided, w/ (with) and b/c (because) which are almost exclusively used in the USA. Remember that these forums are available to anyone in the world, whose first language may not be English and they may not understand what you have written.

    Space the answer out as it makes it easier to read. Think how newspapers and magazines are laid out. The text is rarely in a single block. Look at the presentation of this blog posting - each point is separated out. 
  10. Don't steal another person's work.
    That doesn't just mean lifting a post from elsewhere on the site, but also from other web sites and blog postings. This is particularly the case with Microsoft KB articles and major web sites that update frequently (like my own).
    Post a link instead, so that if the information is updated, the latest information is always available.
    Copying and pasting someone else's work is theft - pure and simple.
    As far as I am concerned, if I find anyone copying my work, then I will ask for it to be removed.

By paying close attention to the answers that you give, your work and knowledge will become trusted and welcome.

First Windows Mobile Emulator Image with AKU 2.0

If you have looked at my technical web site, recently, I have an article on using the Windows Mobile 5.0 emulator to ease support of Windows Mobile devices. (
Unfortunately the emulator images aren't keeping up to date with the Windows Mobile released versions, and as such there isn't one with the latest MSFP update.

However Microsoft have recently released the first emulator image with the AKU 2.0 update, which you can download from here:

When you install the download it claims to require the SDK and Visual Studio, but it doesn't actually check for these, so you can install if you don't have either installed.

The files install to the following location by default:
C:\Program Files\Windows CE Tools\wce500\Emulator Image for Windows Mobile 5.0 Smartphone 320x240 (Landscape)

All is not what it seems.

The download file does not contain a dess file, but an nb0 file, making its use a little more complex. It is also a Smartphone image, not a Pocket PC image, which limits your options somewhat.

However if you would like a look, you need to use a complex command line string to start the image. As it is a Smartphone image you need to use the supplied skin so that you can actually control the device.
Also note that the skin doesn't have numeric keypad, but you can use the numbers on your keyboard to enter those.

Here is the command line I have been using:

"C:\Program Files\Microsoft\Device Emulator Preview\DeviceEmulator.exe" "C:\Program Files\Windows CE Tools\wce500\Emulator Image for Windows Mobile 5.0 Smartphone 320x240 (Landscape)\Deviceemulation\0409\SP_USA_QVGA_LANDSCAPE.nb0" /skin "C:\Program Files\Windows CE Tools\wce500\Emulator Image for Windows Mobile 5.0 Smartphone 320x240 (Landscape)\Skin\Smartphone_Landscape_QVGA.xml" /n /tooltips OFF /memsize 256 /s "C:\Program Files\Microsoft\Device Emulator Preview\smartphoneaku2.dess"

Not pretty.

If I tear it down to remove the paths, it is actually:

DeviceEmulator.exe SP_USA_QVGA_LANDSCAPE.nb0" /skin Smartphone_Landscape_QVGA.xml /n /tooltips OFF /memsize 64 /s smartphoneaku2.dess


DeviceEmulator.exe would be the full path to the device emulator

SP_USA_QVGA_LANDSCAPE.nb0 is the nb0 file from the download

/skin Smartphone_Landscape_QVGA.xml is the Smartphone skin that is also in the download

/tooltips OFF turns off the tool tips

/memsize 64 is the size of the RAM in mb.

/s smartphoneaku2.dess is the name of the file to save the machine to once you have started it once.

You should be able to develop your own path based on your install locations. Once you have run it once - then you can simply save the machine and restore the file using the Device Emulator Manager.

SSL Certificates
The device is locked, so importing an SSL certificate is a little more complex. That will have to wait for another blog post.

New Articles on #2

I have added some new content on OWA...

Redirecting OWA... How you have can have a single URL for both OWA and OMA then redirect accordingly.
Or have a plain http URL on your web site for the users to remember that redirects them to a secure site - means you don't have to open port 80 to your production network.

By manipulating the URLs in OWA you can display the information in different ways.

Stop Exchange using a Script
I have posted the script file I use when I need to stop Exchange.

Coming Soon...
As I seem to be helping with a lot of EAS and OMA queries at the moment so I am currently working on a series of articles on Exchange Active Sync, Outlook Mobile Access. Look for those real soon.

First to Six Million in a single TA at EE

Last week it was speculated in the Experts Exchange Newsletter who would be the first to six million points in a single topic area - me or objects (see here
Overnight (9th - 10th March) I won that little race.
To give you an idea of the level of achievement, my six million points in the Exchange Server Topic Area is more than anyone other than the top five (at the time of writing) experts have on the entire site.
I guess the next target is first to 10 million points overall!

VPN Through a PIX

Stuck out on site with a client, I couldn't connect to home via VPN. The client has a Cisco PIX and a quick bit of research showed that while the PIX will allow PPTP pass-through, it isn't enabled by default.

Apparently you need 6.3 of the PIX software, but then you can add the following command to the configuration and can then use the Windows VPN client:

fixup protocol pptp 1723

A quick change and I was able to connect home.
More information on Cisco's web site
You have to make a similar change if you need to go through a PIX with the Cisco VPN client to connect to a remote Cisco VPN server. In that case the command is:
Another command that requires version 6.3 of the PIX software.